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FY24 Appropriations Update, Language Education

JNCL-NCLIS Analysis of FY24 LHHS-ED Appropriations Bill Markup


WASHINGTON, D.C., August 8th, 2023 - On July 27, the Senate Appropriations Committee held a full-committee markup to consider several bills, including the FY24 Labor-Health and Human Services-Education (LHHS-ED) funding bill. Bypassing a subcommittee markup, the full committee approved the bipartisan spending bill that would provide $79.6 billion in discretionary funding to the Department of Education (ED) in FY24. This topline number is roughly the same as what was appropriated to ED in FY23.

Senators Deb Fischer (R-NE) and Bill Hagerty (R-TN) were the sole votes against the bill as it easily advanced out of committee.

Unlike the House LHHS-ED bill, the Senate funds education programs at similar levels as last

year, with modest increases for programs like Title I (+ $175 million), Impact Aid (+ $10 million),

IDEA (+ $175 million), Title IV-A (+ $20 million), and CTE State Grants (+ $40 million). Title II-A

and federal funding for charter schools received level funding. Given the stark differences

between the Senate and House bills, there will be much to reconcile, especially among

programs that were cut by the House LHHS-ED subcommittee altogether. Negotiations between

the two committees will have to hold for at least the next month as Congress has entered

August recess.

Two key language education programs received increases in the Senate bill: ESSA’s Title III (+ $7

million) and the Teacher Quality Partnership Program (+ $13 million). All other priority

programs – Indian Education, Title VI of HEA, Education for Native Hawaiians, and Alaska Native

Education Equity – were level funded. While the increases are modest and some programs did

not see growth, it is much better than the House’s version of the bill, in which funding for many

of these programs was eliminated or cut.

During her opening statement on the LHHS-ED bill, Subcommittee Chair Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)

stated that while she wishes they could have invested more, the bill is a bipartisan compromise

to avoid defaulting on our nation’s debt, which is a stark contrast to the House’s LHHS-ED bill.

Further, she stated that the House’s approach to this appropriations cycle threatens a

government shutdown and sequestration to defense and nondefense programs. Subcommittee

Ranking Member Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV) highlighted specific increases for Title I and IDEA

but did not mention the House’s bill.

House Appropriations

  • Despite agreement, House marked up FY24 appropriations bills at FY22 funding levels

  • FY24 Labor Health and Human Services (HHS) and Education Funding Bill

  • Massive cuts

  • $60 billion below FY23

  • USDE (US Department of Education) $28 billion below FY23

  • Title II and Title III - eliminated

  • Title IV - level funded

  • Title VI HEA (Higher Education Act) - $51 million cut

  • House Subcommittee passed the bill on a party-line vote

  • No full committee mark-up due to House Freedom Caucus demanding deeper cuts

Senate Appropriations

  • Marked up based on IRA (Inflation Reduction Act) top-line

  • Most programs are level-funded or slightly increased

  • Title I - +$175 million

  • Title II - level funded

  • Title III - +$7 million

  • Title IV - $20 million

  • Indian Ed, Education for Native Hawaiians, Alaska Native Ed - level funded

  • Title VI HEA (Higher Education Act) - level funded

  • Senate Bill passed committee with a strong bipartisan vote

Below is a breakdown of key K-12 program funding levels:

_______________________________ About JNCL-NCLIS: Established in 1972, the Joint National Committee for Languages (JNCL) and the National Council for Languages and International Studies (NCLIS) unites a national network of leading organizations and businesses comprised of over 300,000 language professionals to advocate for equitable language learning opportunities. Our mission is to ensure that Americans have the opportunity to learn English and at least one other language. Contact:

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